Friday, 28 September 2012

Infertility Facts

Female Infertility facts

Infertility is the case in which the female will not be able to conceive children. The couple will get worried about the fact that they are not getting children. Many females all around the world will have this problem of infertility. The reason for the infertility may be a problem in the fallopian tubes, ovary problems or hormone imbalance. The couple goes for the treatment to the fertility doctor. The doctor will suggest many tests for the couple. Many cases will reveal for the female infertility. This will be a very great blow the female. The couples have to be more understanding for dealing this situation. The tests are expensive and they do not get covered in the health insurance. The emotional and financial stress will give a great mental torture to the couple.

There are many other alternative ways for getting children. The doctor has to advice the couple in all the ways so that they can be able to decide properly. The couple can also go to a counselor who can advice them in all probable ways. Female infertility means that they are unable to conceive naturally. There are many reasons for the infertility like the age, sexual diseases, obesity and many health related matters.

Stress in the work place has also become the factor for infertility in females. The career is more important and so they become involve in all the problems of the company. This will cause a lot of stress in them. Stress and the infertility are interrelated. So it is important for the newly married couple to take some leave and spend time together. The treatment procedures will include a number of tests and interrogations. This will be embarrassing for the females. The tests are expensive and this adds to the stress.

 The female who likes to conceive should have a peace in mind and smile on the lips. But both are not possible with the stress. The infertility treatment is also very strenuous and not very comfortable. The records of many things have to be maintained and there are many blood tests. This will give the mind and the body a lot of strain. The female will have a lot of mood swings due to all these procedures. The age of the female is also a major factor in conceiving. These days’ late marriages are common and this will be the major factor for the problems in conceiving. The fertility will be good in females in the age of twenty.

Thursday, 27 September 2012

Causes of Female Infertility

Causes of female infertility in today’s world

In today’s world of heavy stress and tension and irregular lifestyle, the cause of female infertility has taken a toll. Female infertility is caused mainly due to two major reasons. One is genetic which occurs from the genes and the other is acquired. Studies have shown that infertility is usually on the rise because of certain causes like heavy stressful life, increased smoking and drinking habits among woman, sexually transmitted diseases like HIV,being obese as well as underweight and last but not the least the age factor. Infertility can also occur due to intake of too much birth control pill on a regular basis. Now let us emphasize on each point extensively one by one.


Age plays a major role in a woman’s fertility. The general age for the first period to occur in a girl is approximately around 12 to 13 years of age. A girl can have a baby the moment her periods begin. However the fertility is at its peak around the mid twenties. After this the fertility slowly starts to decline and it is generally triggered after the age 35 years. In general terms it has been seen that very elderly couples conceive very rarely, however there is always a chance of conceiving depending on the surrounding factors like the fertility of the male counterpart.

Tobacco smoking

Tobacco smoking is a very harmful thing and it tells on the health of a woman. It harms a woman’s ovaries to a great deal and the intensity of damage usually depends on the length and amount of time that a woman has been smoking for. Passive smoking is also very injurious for a woman. Too much exposure to a smoke filled environment is harmful for a woman. The main injurious component, Nicotine, which is found in cigarettes, avoids the formation of estrogen which is a female hormone and helps in ovulation. Nicotine also prevents transportation of embryo, blood flow in the uterus, endometrial angiogenesis and endometrial receptiveness. Once a woman starts actively smoking it causes damage to her reproduction organs and the worst part is that even if she stops smoking after a long time, the there is chance of greater damage. Recent research has proved that smokers are 60% less fertile than non smokers. Also active smoking in woman gives rise to a faster menopause.

Sexually transmitted disease

The foremost cause of infertility comes from the sexually transmitted disease like HIV.If proper treatment is not carried out in time; there are chances that a woman may not conceive all her life. 

Body weight and eating disorders

It has been noticed that around 10 to 12% of women do not conceive because of obesity or underweight. Estrogen, the female hormone is produced by the fat cells. If too much fat cell is produced, it may cause opposite results. Again if too little estrogen is produced, that may also disrupt the menstrual cycles. A proper nutritious diet is very much essential for fertility. In today’s stressful and irregular lifestyle it has been seen that there is large eating disorders among working woman. They tend to bite onto anything and everything on the road. Too much consumption of fried items and fast food help a woman to put on weight and in the process disrupt the normal fertility cycle. It has also been seen that now a day’s woman are consuming too much birth control pills to prevent contraception. However it so happens that too much intake of these pills avoids contraception in the beginning and gradually she does not conceive all her life. 



Undergoing continuous chemotherapy causes high risk of fertility in women. The drugs which are used during chemotherapy like cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, busulfan and others are very high risk drugs that obstruct the process of ovulation. After three series of chemotherapies, the follicle stimulating hormones are damaged.

Ovulatory problems 

These problems may also be the reason for Female infertility. Ovulation is the process where the hormones are adjoined in a balance. In ovulation, sperms are released from a woman’s body, unite with the male sperm and produce a baby. However ovulation can be affected if there are problems in the thyroid gland, if there is too much production of prolactin, if there are more than required male hormones in a woman, and lifestyle changes. 
Also if the sperm is unable to pass through the mouth of the uterus due to a damaged cervix, there are chances of infertility. Fallopian tubes play a major role in reproduction. In many cases it has been seen that the fallopian tubes are blocked, distorted or scarred because of tumor of some unknown growth. This may obstruct in reproduction. 

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

One of the major and common causes of female infertility is Pelvic inflammatory disease. This disease consists of varied infections which are caused by various bacteria that have an effect on the reproductive organs, parts of the intestine, the fallopian tubes and appendix. The fallopian tube is generally the focus point where the disease hits. The general cause of PID is cracked appendix, Non sterile abortions, Gonorrhoea which is a sexually transmitted disease, and Pelvic tuberculosis.

Some Other factors that cause infertility

Some major causes of infertility may be different life taking diseases like mellitus. It has been seen that woman who have high blood sugar level are at a risk of conceiving. They are under the risk of delayed puberty, menstrual irregularities and earlier menopause.
Notable liver and kidney diseases are also causes of infertility in woman.
Intake of drugs like marijuana and Cannabis smoking, in woman cause high risk of infertility.
Recent studies of primary infertility in females was conducted by the help of Diagnostic laparoscopy where it was seen that the maximum cases of infertility was in the age group of 21 to 25 years followed by the age group 26 to 30 years. After marriage 18 out of 40 cases were brought within 5 years of failure in conceiving with cases of fallopian tube blockage, and pelvic disorder.

Wednesday, 26 September 2012

Trouble Getting Pregnant

Are you having trouble getting pregnant?? Contact the gynecologists today

Intended parenthood is very necessary when you plan to have a family of your own. However, in the recent world of today where people are bogged down with work pressure, stress, tension and wrong dietary habits, and too much intake of birth control pills, infertility has become a very common issue among women of today’s generation. Around 10% of women are haunted by the problems of infertility. Infertility results in not being able to get pregnant in spite of repeated tries through a long period of time. The age factor is also taken into consideration where women who are of 35 years or above though manage to get pregnant, cannot maintain the fetus for 9 months because of their body conditions. In the process of pregnancy the sperm of the male partner combines with that of the female which is produced from her ovaries henceforth needs to be fertilized in order to form a baby. Any problem during this process may result in infertility.

However, though infertility poses to be a problem, doctors have come up with a number of medicines and methods in order to eradicate this problem as much as possible. Some common medicines which are utilized in treatment of fertilization are Follicle-stimulating hormone which is injected in the woman’s body so that her ovaries start ovulating. Also, Clomid is used for women who have complications in the ovary resulting in infertility. Women who have hormonal problems can take help of Human menopausal gonadotropin for solutions. Women who do not want to take any kind of medicines can go in for a method which is known as intrauterine insemination or artificial insemination. It is a simple process and very efficient where a woman is injected with sperm of her partner or some special sperm and then the normal procedure follows. Usually woman who are not able to produce sperm or have problems in their ovaries take help of this method.

Around 80 to 90% people do not have to go through intensive surgeries, for treatments. They are treated with low medication or simple surgeries. Treatment may also include just simple counselling to the partners if required. If it is really serious then people may need to take help of invitro fertilisation for satisfactory results. Surgery may in addition be required to revamp obstruction in the fallopian tubes.

There are a number of methods which are used to treat infertility.

First of all the lifestyle of a person plays a very important role in fertilization. A healthy lifestyle with ample rest, less stressful, good diet, planned sexual activity with ovulation cycle and last but not the least a loving partner helps to solve these problems. Sometimes drugs may be required for ovulation such as gonadotrophins and clomiphene.Sperm injections such as IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection may also be required.

Different processes of treatment:

In vitrofertilization (IVF) - In in vitro fertilization (IVF) a woman needs to consume medication to make numerous eggs ripen after which you need to see a doctor who helps you in removing the eggs. The Semen which is collected from the partner or any other man is put collectively with the eggs in a lab under a certain temperature. After fertilization, the eggs which have successful fertilized are again inserted in the uterus. A successful fertilization occurs if one or more than one egg is inserted in the walls of the uterus. In vitro fertilization is usually successful if the woman has been pregnant before also, and is under the age of 39 years. It is very necessary for the woman to have a BMI of 19 and 30 so that they have a good weight. Conditions those may lessen the chances of successful IVF includes too much Drinking or smoking.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) - This is a procedure where a semen sample is collected from a male. Then sperm washing is conducted where the healthy sperm is separated from the semen. Then this sperm is directly put in to the uterus of the woman. This is conducted with the assistance of an extremely superior plastic tube which is conceded through the cervix to the uterus. It can be instanced to correspond with ovulation in women who are still in the process of ovulation. However in this process, women need to consist of healthy fallopian tubes so that the eggs can travel very consistently from the ovary to the womb. This helps because the sperm does not have to travel all the distance through the fallopian tubes. It reaches the egg easily. This is an easy and commonly followed method and is said to be successful in most of the cases.

Women, who have problems in their fallopian tubes, can remove the blockage by surgery. Nowadays the blockage is removed with the help of keyhole surgery. Also women who have Endometriosis  can help to improve fertility by surgery. Women who have problems in their ovaries can go through a surgery known as polycystic ovary syndrome surgery. Also numerous women have fibroids due to which they are unable to get pregnant. Surgery may be considered for the same.

Now let us get a brief overview regarding the medicine that can be consumed for solutions to infertility.
Metformin is a medicine which may be presented to women who has polycystic ovary syndrome but is not responding to clomifene. This is usually required to treat people with diabetis.This is also said to increase the chances of fertility in a woman
Medicines that include gonadotrophins are a further kind of treatment. They are usually used if a person does not respond to clomifene. These need to be injected into the woman’s body. They help to stimulate the ovaries.

Clomifene is a medicine that is utilized to assist in fertility for numerous years. It is to be consumed as a tablet. It helps in stimulation of the ovary by jamming a reaction method to the pituitary gland which results in release of more gonadotrophin hormones.

Dr Rita Bakshi is an extremely skilled and well known infertility expert based in International fertility centre New Delhi, who completed her MBBS from Lady Harding Medical College. She conducts a number of surgeries for successful fertilisation and suggests that in today’s growing problem of infertility, woman should come with their partners and get this problem cured as soon as possible to lead a happy and contented life. One should not neglect this problem as it might give rise to more complications later on.

So, visit a doctor today!!

Monday, 24 September 2012

Infertility Among Women

Are you having Infertility problems - call for immediate diagnosis

The percentage of Infertility among women is on the rise, however proper diagnosis in time can help in reducing the chances of infertility. About 10% of woman faces problems in conceiving due to various reasons like age, weight, smoking and drinking, health diseases like diabetes and thyroid, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Uterine fibroids, Endometriosis and Pelvic inflammatory disease and damages in the fallopian tubes. In order to get pregnant a woman should have unprotected sex for 6 consecutive months. Before that she can speak to her doctor and get her health checked and fertility assessed so that she is ready to conceive.

Fertility testing is recommended for a woman who is over 35 years of age. The other particular diagnosis addition to checking the medical history and total physical check up including testing of the blood as well as urine so that the hormone level can be understood, ultrasonography and imaging so that the fallopian tubes and uterus can be checked. It is very important to know the cause of infertility before carrying out the diagnosis. Diagnosis is carried in two stages. The first is a generic diagnosis and the second one is a specific diagnosis. Diagnosis of female infertility can be carried on in few easy and simple steps which are cost effective.

The basal temperature of the body needs to be monitored. Ovulation happens at a certain temperature. The steadiness of your cervical mucus should be tested. If the mucus elongates for more than 1 inch, then you can be sure that you have conceived. This can also be tried at home with pregnancy test kits. The most common procedure that doctors follow in order to check whether you are pregnant is by taking the first sample of morning urine and testing it. It helps in detecting the formation of hormones. Few laboratory tests can also be done to check the cause of infertility. Blood as well as urine samples are taken in order to conduct tests to check hormonal levels for older women.

If the level of estrogens is low and level of FSH and luteinizing hormone are high, it may be the first step to ovary failure. Again if levels of luteinizing hormone are high and FSH hormones are low, it gives rise to defect in the ovary. High FSH levels and estrogens levels on the third day of menstrual cycles give rise to failure in reproduction. The doctors also collect samples of tissues from the cervix to determine whether ovulation is taking place properly. Also a test known as Clomiphene test is carried out where a drug is used for measuring the FSH level on the 3rd day of cycle. Clomiphene needs to be consumed on the 5th day or 9th day after which the FSH is measured. High levels of the same may result in failure of fertility. It is recommended that if a woman has been trying for 6 consecutive months and still fails, she should immediately consult the doctor for further diagnosis. It is helpful to find the cause and diagnose it as soon as possible for the best results.

Monday, 17 September 2012

Review on Infertility

A general review on infertility and its consequences

The inability of a couple to reproduce even after trying for years even after unprotected sexual intercourse may be referred to infertility. Infertility also occurs when a woman has already conceived, but is unable to carry the baby in her womb till delivery due to various causes. The infertility may be caused due to various causes including medical complication, changes in the eating habits as well as the lifestyle in the woman, smoking and drinking of alcohol, consuming too much birth control pill etc. Medical symptoms may be due to pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine fibroids, hormonal complications or endometriosis. Also damaged fallopian tubes may result in infertility to take place. Also age plays a very important factor in fertilising of ovum. The uterus becomes small with age so that it cannot hold many eggs at a time.

Taking a brief look into Female infertility review:

In today’s world of smoke, dust and pollution, environment also plays a very important role in infertility. There are a number of toxins and chemicals in the air which help in triggering infertility among women. An obese woman also faces problem in conceiving and reproduction since her body weight and basal metabolic weight is above normal. A woman should maintain a normal basal metabolic rate to conceive. Fertility demurs with age. Female fertility is at its pinnacle in between the ages of 18 and 24 years after which the woman slowly starts losing her ovarian functions.

Fertility of a person may be subjective to life style choice. If a person leads a life which is full of stress and tension along with regular smoking and drinking, bad eating habits like fried food full of cholesterol, and does not get complete rest, it leads to side effects leading to a stage of infertility. It can also be noted that HIV in a person does not lead to fertility. Intake of drugs results in infertility in a woman. Hormonal problems like hypothyroid or hyperthyroid results in infertility.

Diseases like pelvic inflammatory disease and endometriosis result in infertility. However these diseases can be overcome with regular treatment and medication. Sometimes surgery also needs to be done to overcome the disease.

Infertility may be avoided by following a healthy lifestyle with complete rest and good eating habits like food intake consisting of folic acid, protein, vitamins and minerals, calcium and carbohydrate. One should always keep herself hydrated for moisture retention in the body. Infertility can also be avoided if you regularly visit a doctor and start treating from beforehand. Sexually transmitted diseases should be avoided by using condoms and practising safe sex.

Medication for infertility includes medicines like Clomifene citrate, Bromocriptine, gonadatrophins and Hormone therapy. Also surgeries like artificial insemination can be conducted for successful fertilisation. In Vitro Fertilization is also a very common and well known method for successful fertilisation to take place. It should be kept into mind that diseases like diabetes and obesity should be kept under control. Taking some simple precautions and taking care of self can lead to successful fertilisation.

Dr Rita Bakshi gives an insight on Female infertility review suggesting that infertility which is on the rise can be controlled by proper care to self.